Geology


Introduction

Geology concerns the study of the earth and the various physical processes that take place on the earth’s surface. Geologist’s study some of the major problems that affect the society today such as mineral resources, energy, water, climate change, environment, natural hazards like volcanoes, landslides, floods and earthquakes. Geologists also work to understand the history of the earth to better foresee how the processes and events of the past may influence and affect the future.

What is the study of geology?

Geology refers to the study of the earth and how it works. It also includes the study of the processes that act on the materials that make the earth and its structures. Geology also explains the study of the various earth processes such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and landslides. These processes can be very hazardous to individuals and geologists work to understand how these processes occur. This helps them to educate people on building structures on areas where they might not be affected by earth processes such as landslides and floods.

What can I do with a degree in geology?

Geology can be a very rewarding and interesting career. The minimum training and qualification required is a degree in geology which takes at least four years in college. Pre-college students who are willing and interested to become geologists should enrol in college preparatory courses especially in science, math and writing. Courses related to geography, computer and communication are also vital in enhancing your career in geology. Geologists work in a wide array of settings. This includes environmental consulting companies, government agencies, non-profit organizations, universities and natural resource companies.

What is geology in geography?

Geography is a field involved in the study of habitats, lands, features and phenomena of the earth. It’s a field that incorporates various study areas which include climate change, coastal geography, urban planning, social geography and tourism. Geology in geography involves the study of the history, life and evolution of the earth. It involves the study of the physical processes that operate deep underground and on the earth’s surface. The geology and geography department comprises of a variety of sub-disciplines that deal with the most vital issues that face the planet earth and humans. The studies in geology include the environment, sustainability and climate change. It involves materials and earth processes that affect resource development and humans.

What does a mining geologist do?

A mining geologist is particularly responsible for the study of the relationship between ore formation and geology to locate and identify mineral resources. Through these processes, a mining geologist provides advisory services on long and short-term production plans. The typical responsibilities and duties of a mining geologist include ensuring that minerals are extracted from pits, quarries and mines safely and securely to prevent damage to the environment. They also estimate and locate mineral ore deposits, prepare geological charts, reports and maps that entail the mineral extraction. They also work closely with blast and drill engineers to determine the most effective way of blasting rocks from the pit floor.